Automatic Sleep Stage Detection: A Study on the Influence of Various PSG Input Signals

Automatic sleep stage detection can be performed using a variety of input signals from a polysomnographic (PSG) recording. In this study, we investigate the effect of different input signals on the performance of feature-based automatic sleep stage classification algorithms with both a Random Forest (RF) and Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) classifier.

The overall classification performance using a single channel EEG is high using Random Forest. The results are comparable to the performance obtained using six EEG channels as input. Adding respiratory signals to the inputs processed by RF increases the N2 stage detection performance with 20%, while adding the EMG signal improves the accuracy of the REM stage detection with 5%. The analysis shows that adding specific signals improves the accuracy of specific sleep stages and increases the overall performance. Using a combination of EEG and respiratory signals we achieved an accuracy of 93%.
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